The days of the week need to be memorized in three formats.
(1) An Luan (Monday)
(2) Ar an Luan (On Monday(s))
(3) Dé Luain (On Monday)
Here are the questions you might be asked regarding what day it is or what day it was.
Cén lá atá ann? (What day is it?)
Cén lá den tseachtain atá ann? (What day of the week is it?)
Sample Answer: An Luan atá ann. (It is Monday.)
Cén lá a bhí ann? (What day was it?)
Cén lá den tseachtain a bhí ann? (What day of the week was it?)
Sample Answer: An Luan a bhí ann. (It was Monday.)
Here is how we say the days of the week.
|An Domhnach (Sunday)||An Domhnach atá ann. (It is Sunday.)||An Domhnach a bhí ann. (It was Sunday.)|
|An Luan (Monday)||An Luan atá ann.||An Luan a bhí ann.|
|An Mháirt (Tuesday)||An Mháirt atá ann.||An Mháirt a bhí ann.|
|An Chéadaoin (Wednesday)||An Chéadaoin atá ann.||An Chéadaoin a bhí ann.|
|An Déardaoin (Thursday)||An Déardaoin atá ann.||An Déardaoin a bhí ann.|
|An Aoine atá ann.||An Aoine a bhí ann.|
|An Satharn (Saturday)||An Satharn atá ann.||An Satharn a bhí ann.|
Learning Challenge* Repeat the days of the week above and the associated phrases until you have memorized them.
Next, it is helpful to learn and memorize them in the forms used when we are talking about events happening on certain days.
Ar an Luan (On Monday(s)) and Dé Luain (On Monday)
The words ar an cause urú in Standard Irish (shown below) and séimhiú in Ulster Irish. The word Dé requires the genitive case of the noun that follows. For many Irish nouns, there is a different spelling and pronunciation when the noun is written in the genitive case.
Here’s how to say the days of the week when referring to something occurring once or habitually on a specific day (ar an …) or on a specific day (Dé …)
|Ar an Domhnach |
|Dé Domhnaigh |
|Ar an Luan |
|Ar an Máirt |
|Ar an gCéadaoin |
|Ar an Déardaoin |
|Ar an Aoine |
|Ar an Satharn |
Learning Challenge* Repeat the phrases referencing the days of the week above until you have memorized them.
Use of Ar an Luan (on Monday), Ar an Máirt (on Tuesday), etc. is common in speech and is used to express events happening on consecutive Mondays, Tuesdays, etc. as well. Use of Dé Luain (on Monday), Dé Máirt (on Tuesday), etc. is commonly used in various forms of written media referring to events happening on a specific day.
Mac Murchaidh, Ciarán. Cruinnscríobh na Gaeilge. 15.3.2. Page 199. Baile Átha Cliath: Cois Life Teoranta, 2013. Print.