3 – Lesson for a Visitor

17-March-2021 – Lesson 3 in honor of St. Patrick – Lá Fhéile Pádraig sona duit! (Happy Saint Patrick’s Day to you!) pronounced “Law AY-luh PAW-rahg sun-uh gwitch” or “Law AY-luh PAW-rahg sun-uh ditch”. Just remember duit can be pronounced “gwitch” or “ditch” when proceeded by a vowel. I’m leaning towards advising that duit is always pronounced “ditch” when the word preceding it ends in a consonant.

When gathering with several people and giving greetings we often change duit to daoibh pronounced “deev”, which is used for greeting more than one person. The aoi combination is pronounced like “ee”. Remember duit (to/for you) for one person and daoibh (to/for you ‘all’) for more than one person. Therefore we could say “Dia daoibh!” instead of “Dia duit!” Lesson 1 or “Dia ‘s Muire daoibh!” instead of “Dia ‘s Muire duit!” Lesson 2 or “Lá Fhéile Pádraig sona daoibh!” instead of “Lá Fhéile Pádraig sona duit!”

When learning Irish pronunciation, one of the concepts that is very important to understand is the concept of broad versus slender. The vowels a, á, o, ó, u and ú are broad and the vowels e, é, i and í are slender. Consonants are broad or slender based on whether the closest vowel is broad or slender. In the name Pádraig the P, d and r are broad because of the letters á and a. The g at the end of the word is slender because of the letter i next to it. Why not look at the phrases above and go through each word saying each consonant and whether the consonant is broad or slender.

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